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ABACUS: THE ANCIENT CALCULATOR


Have you ever used a calculator? Yes, we all at least once had used the calculator for any type of mathematical calculations. But have you ever think that what the people in ancient times used to calculate or performing such type of mathematics?

As we all born in the 20th or 21st centuries we are not much aware of ABACUS. But in ancient time this was used as a calculator for mathematical calculations by people of that time. The proves of ABACUS are found to be in the 2700BCE-2100BCE (Before Common Era or Before Christ).Eastern States like China, Japan, Russia and some parts of Europe were mainly ABACUS using countries. Some countries still use ABACUS still there are so many calculators and computers are available. Merchants, traders, and clerks in some parts of Eastern Europe, Russia. China and Africa use abacuses, and they are still used to teach arithmetic to children.

UNDERSTANDING ABACUS: WHAT IS ABACUS IN ACTUAL?

ABACUS in general, it can be called a counting frame. Because it is a frame-like structure which contains some bars filled with beads that are used to count. Different designs are there from different countries.


                                  
ORIGIN OF WORD ‘ABACUS’:

The word ABACUS is derived from the Latin word. The Latin word came from greek ἄβαξ (abax) which means something without base, and improperly, any piece of rectangular board or plank.

SUPREMACY OF ABACUS:

In ancient periods the abacus became the most popular instrument for calculations because the trade from different continents was at its peak. Hence its wave reached every continent and every major country and civilization of that period. Some major Civilization who used ABACUS:

1.MESOPOTAMIAN
2.EGYPTIAN
3.PERSIAN
4.GREEK
5.CHINESE
6.ROMAN
7.INDIAN
8.JAPANESE
9.KOREAN
10.NATIVE AMERICAN
11.RUSSIAN

ABACUS IN 21ST CENTURY:



Yes, there are so many fast calculating computers and calculators that are formed so what is the use of ABACUS at this time. But we should understand the importance of ABACUS as it the basic and origin of all the computers today. It must be conserved by us as a heritage.



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